Haldia is a city and a municipality in
Purba Medinipur in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a major
seaport located around 120 kilometers southwest of Kolkata near the
mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges.
Haldia is being developed as a major trade
port for Calcutta, intended mainly for bulk cargoes.
Haldia as a city is a modern one and it
is growing very fast. The Haldia Township is bordered by the Haldi
River an offshoot of the Ganges River.
Haldia is also a base of Indian Coast
Guard. There is a hover-port to house two of the six hovercrafts
belonging to the Indian Coast Guard.
Commissioned under the Kolkata Port
Trust in 1977, Haldia Dock Complex (HDC) is a comprehensive system of
composite cargo handling facilities with particular emphasis on bulk
cargo. The port has been a catalyst in emergence of Haldia as the
industrial hub of West Bengal. Haldia Dock is not only the main
gateway to the industrial hub of Haldia city, but also the entire
state of West Bengal and India as well.
Consequent upon the policy of
decentralization of Industries of the West Bengal Government, Haldia Industrial
Complex came into existence through rigorous and efficient industrial
planning. Industrial prosperity of the region was more enhanced as
Haldia grew into a satellite port of Kolkata. In terms of cargo
handling and annual growth it has achieved more than the national
average. Haldia acts as an auxiliary port of the Kolkata port,
thereby serving the dual purpose of releasing the pressure of Kolkata
port as well as the over crowded Kolkata city.
Raw materials in all their varied forms
are fundamental to the initiation and sustenance of any industry.
Industrialists here find opportunities for procuring raw materials
from the local fertile agricultural farms, the Chotonagpur mines and
forests and the local water bodies and nearby Bay. Coal, iron-ore, copper,
manganese etc are available in the hinterland of Midnapore, Bankura, Purulia and
Burdwan. Besides raw materials of foreign sources are also available
through the Haldia port.. Development of Kolaghat thermal power
station has ensured the necessary power supply to this industrial
belt. Even good quality of water supply has been taken care of
through construction of pump houses, reservoir and pipeline network.
A well-knit network of roads and
railways that effectively serves different parts of downtown and the
industrial area connects Haldia. The industrial belt is well
connected with navigable rivers and canals. Fast water transport
services make it possible to reach Haldia from Kolkata in no time.
Latest telecom infrastructure and social infrastructure exist to
support present industries. Other facilities like banking, insurance,
warehousing, Trained and skilled manpower etc are gaining strength
from time to time.
The West Bengal Government has come
forward to set up special monitoring cells for giving approval to the
project proposals, arrangement of loans etc. Haldia is the ideal
place for investment. Private sector investments have given a boost
to the economic development of the industrial complex.
Haldia industrial region is mainly served
by all the three modes of surface transport, namely road, rail and
water.. Besides the city also provides the latest telecom facilities
and other information highways to reach out to the world
For instantaneous communication to any
part of the globe, Haldia port city is well equipped with the latest
telecom facilities provided by BSNL, Reliance etc. and postal
services. The conventional cable networks have already given way to
the optical fibers. Other modern means of communication such as
Internet and mobile telecommunication have turned into reality.
Haldia Development Authority assists the entrepreneurs in obtaining
telecom ,telex and fax connections on a priority basis.
Haldia is now become a centre for development of West Bengal. The
industrial city has several factories like ,South Asian
Petrochemicals Limited, Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Exide,
Shaw Wallace, Tata Chemicals, Petrochemical complex (Haldia
Petrochemical) and Hindustan Lever, in addition to various light
industries. The port has attracted factories of foreign companies,
like Mitsubishi Chemical Company (MCC). A large number of companies
are also being set up now, Dredging Corporation of India Limited
(DCI), primarily being ancillary industries to the Haldia
Petrochemicals. The Haldia Petrochemicals is the second largest
project of such .